Introduction

Background

Throughout the country of Bhutan Dzongkha has been used as the language of popular communication since 17th century. In 1971, the Third King of Bhutan, His Majesty the King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk declared it the national language of Bhutan and the language was formally committed to writing.

Dzongkha was then introduced in schools as a subject with language and literature components. In 1986, the Fourth King of Bhutan, His Majesty the King Jigme Singye Wangchuk, established the Dzongkha Development Commission (DDC) as an independent government office for the advancement of Dzongkha. Dzongkha’s role as the repository of the cultural heritage received much support from several sessions of the National Assembly who made many enactments for the preservation and promotion of the language.