Configuring Microsoft Word 2007 for Dzongkha


  • Make sure you are logged in to your computer with Administrative privileges
  • Make sure you have followed the instructions appropriate to your operating system to setup your computer for Dzongkha. (Install Dzongkha Keyboard, and Dzongkha fonts)
  • Microsoft Office 2007 and all updates should be installed on your system.
  • For Windows XP you should also enable display of complex scripts and update Uniscribe.

1. Configuration of Microsoft Office Language Settings


  • In Windows, go to: "Start""Programs""Microsoft Office""Microsoft Office Tools""Microsoft Office 2007 Language Settings"
Open wordoffice
  • In the Microsoft Office Language Settings 2007 dialog box select Tibetan (PRC) from the Available editing languages column
  • Then click the "Add" button to move it to the "Enabled editing languages" column.
  • Finally click the "OK" button.
Language settings
  • Note: “Tibetan” is selected since it uses the same writing system as Dzongkha for which there is no specific option in Office 2007.


2. Enabling proper Dzongkha line breaking in Word

Unlike English where lines of text may wrap after a space character, Dzongkha words should normally break only after a tsek ( ) character. Lines of Dzongkha text usually wrap after this character not at a space.


To enable Word 2007 to apply the proper line breaking rules for Dzongkha, carry out the following steps:

  • Start Microsoft Word 2007.
  • Click on the round logo at the top left corner of your Word window.
  • Then click on the "Word Options" button at the bottom of the pane.
  • In the left hand column of the "Word Options" dialog box select "Advanced"
  • Next scroll right down to the bottom of the dialogue box
  • In the drop down list box next to "Compatibility options for:" select "All New Documents".
Word options
  • Then, right at the bottom of the dialog box, click on the “+” icon next to "Layout Options".
  • Again, scroll right down until you find the “Use line breakingrules” option.
  • With your mouse, Tick the check box next to this option.
  • Finally click on the "OK" button to complete.


3. Creating Dzongkha Styles

In Microsoft Word and other word processors it is best to do most formatting in documents using styles rather than applying formating directly to text. Styles are particularly helpful when working with Dzongkha text.

Setting the default font for Dzongkha in the Normal style

The Normal Style is the default style applied to paragraphs when typing text in Word. In the definition for this style it is important to have a Dzongkha font set as the default font for complex scripts.


  • Start Microsoft Word 2007.
  • In the ribbon at the top of the Word window, find the "Styles" section and right-click on the "Normal" style and choose "Modify…"
  • In the "Modify Style" dialog box, check “New documents based on this template”.
  • Next select "Format""Font…"
  • In the Font dialog box under "Complex scripts" select "DDC Uchen" (or another Dzongkha Unicode font), "Font Style:" "Regular" and "Size:" "12".
  • Then click "OK".
  • When you return to the Modify Style dialogue, make sure “New documents based on this template” is selected,
  • Then click the "OK" button.

You can similarly define a Dzongkha font for the Heading 1, Heading 2, and Heading 3 styles. Each time make sure “New documents based on this template” is selected in the Modify Style dialog box before clicking the "OK" button. This ensures that the style in your default template (Normal.dotx) is updated and will be available for all new documents.

Creating a paragraph style for Dzongkha text

To work round certain problems in Word, it is useful to create a paragraph style where both the Latin text font and the Complex scripts font are defined as a Dzongkha font. Apply this style when typing paragraphs which contain only Dzongkha text.


To create a new paragraph style for Dzongkha text carry out the following steps:

  • In a blank document, type a line of Dzongkha text and press "Enter".
  • With your mouse, click to select the Dzongkha paragraph you have just typed,
  • Then click on the little arrow icon next to "Fonts" in the ribbon at the top of your window.
  • In the Font dialogue box select DDC Uchen for the font under both "Latin text font" and "Complex scripts"
  • Then click "OK".
  • Right click on the Dzongkha paragraph you typed.
  • From the menu that appears "choose Styles…", Save Selection as a "New Quick Style…"

Dzongkha style

  • Next, in the Create New Style from Formatting dialog box, enter the name “Dzongkha” and then click "Modify…"
Dzongkha style2
  • Next, in the Modify Style dialog box, select the options “Add to Quick Style list” and “New documents based on this template”.
  • Then go to "Format""Font".
dzo styles  
  • In the Font dialog box make sure “DDC Uchen” is selected as the font under both "Latin text" and "Complex scripts".
  • Then click "OK".

  • In the Modify Style dialog box, go to "Format""Language".
  • In the "Language" dialog box, (since there is no option for Dzongkha) choose Tibetan(PRC) and then click the "OK"button.
  • Finally, back in the "Modify Style" dialog box, click the "OK" button to complete.
Dzongkha style4

The Dzongkha style should now appear in the Styles panel of the Word 2007 Ribbon. as above.


Creating Character styles for Dzongkha fonts


  • In a blank Word document type a short line of mixed English and Dzongkha text and press "Enter".
  • Format the Dzongkha text using the font you wish to define for the character style (e.g. DDC Uchen).
text styles
  • Select only the Dzongkha text in the paragraph,
  • Right click on this text with your mouse and, from the pop-out menu, choose: "Styles…" ► Save Selection as "New Quick Style".
  • In the small Create New Style from Formatting dialog box (see above), for Name: enter the name of the Dzongkha font (e.g. DDC Uchen).
  • Then click the "Modify…." button.
char styles
  • In the Create New Style from Formatting dialog box, change "Style type:" to Character; and "Style based on:" to Default Paragraph Font.
  • Make sure the “New documents based on this template” check box is checked
  • Then select "Format""Font…"
  • Enter the name of the Dzongkha font (e.g. DDC Uchen) for both "Latin text, Font" and "Complex scripts, Font". The font name should be the same as the style name.
  • Note: There should be no values under "Font style:" or "Size:".
  • Finally click on the "OK" button, here as well as in the Create New Style from Formatting dialog box, to exit and
    save your character style.

Repeating the same procedure, create two more new character styles called DDC Wangdi and Jomolhari formatted for the Dzongkha fonts with those names.

In Word, use these new character styles when you apply or change a Dzongkha font. within in a paragraph. This will help avoid the problem which sometimes occurs of Word unexpectedly applying the wrong fonts to Dzongkha text.