Configuring Microsoft Word 2003 for Dzongkha


  • Make sure you are logged in to your computer with Administrative privileges
  • Make sure you have followed the instructions appropriate to your operating system to setup your computer for Dzongkha. (Install Dzongkha Keyboard, & Dzongkha fonts
  • Install Microsoft Office 2003 and updates on your system.
  • For Windows XP you should also enable display of complex scripts and update Uniscribe.

1. Configuration of Microsoft Office Language Settings

Using the MS Office Language Settings Tool

To run this tool:

  • In Windows, go to: "Start""Programs""Microsoft Office""Microsoft Office Tools""Microsoft Office Language Settings"
Langauge settings
  • In the Microsoft Office 2003 Language Settings dialog box, select at least one supported complex script language (e.g. Sanskrit or Nepali) from the Available languages: list.
  • Then click “Add >>”.
    The language you selected will appear in the Enabled languages: list.
  • Then click "OK".
    Note: Adding a complex script enables additional options in the Font dialog box. Choose any supported complex script language (e.g. Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali or Thai) since there is no option in Microsoft Word 2003 for Dzongkha.
Langauge add

2. Enabling proper Dzongkha line breaking

Unlike English where lines of text may wrap after a space character, Dzongkha words should normally break only after a tsek ( ) character. Lines of Dzongkha text usually wrap after this character not at a space.

To enable Word 2003 to apply the proper line breaking rules for Dzongkha, carry out the following steps:

  • Start Microsoft Word 2003.
  • Then, in the menu choose: "Tools""Options…"
  • In the Options dialog box choose the Compatibility tab,
  • Under Options: tick the check box next to “Use line breaking rules”.
  • Then click the "Default…" button.
Options Line Breaking rules dialog
  • A Word dialog box will appear asking “Do you want to change the default compatibility options?”.
  • Click "Yes" to ensure that these rules will apply to all new documents.
  • Back in the Options dialog box, click "OK" to apply these changes and exit.

Unless this option has been set lines of Dzongkha text will break at spaces or in the middle of syllables.

3. Creating Dzongkha Styles

In Microsoft Word and other word processors it is best to do most formatting in documents using styles rather than applying formating directly to text. Styles are particularly helpful when working with Dzongkha text.

Setting the default font for Dzongkha in the Normal style

The Normal Style is the default style applied to paragraphs when typing text in Word. In the definition for this style it is important to have a Dzongkha font set as the default font for complex scripts.


  • Start Microsoft Word 2003.
  • In the Menu bar, choose "Format""Styles and Formatting".
style and formatting
  • A list of Styles will appear in the right hand pane.
  • Select "Normal" then right click and choose "Modify…"
Modify normal style
  • In the Modify Style dialog box, tick “Add to template”.
  • Then, select "Format""Font…"
  • In the Fonts dialog box, under Complex scripts, "Font", select "DDC Uchen" (or another Dzongkha Unicode Font), — leave Font style as "Regular".
  • Then, click "OK".
  • When you return to the Modify Style dialog box, make sure the Add to template check box is ticked
  • Then, click "OK".

You can similarly define a Dzongkha font as the default complex script font for the Heading 1, Heading 2, and Heading 3 styles. For each style make sure the “Add to template” check box is ticked before clicking "OK" in the Modify style dialog box. This ensures that the style in your default template ( is updated and will be available for all new documents.


Creating a paragraph style for Dzongkha text

To work round certain problems in Word, it is useful to create a paragraph style where both the Latin text font and the Complex scripts font are defined as a Dzongkha font. Apply this style when typing paragraphs which contain only Dzongkha text.

Procedure to create a paragraph style for Dzongkha text:

  • In the Styles and Formatting panel click on the "New Style…" button:
Dzongkha style
  • Next, in the New Style dialog box tick the “Add to template” check box.
  • Then, enter the following details:

      Name:                          Dzongkha
      Style type:                    Paragraph
      Style based on:                Normal
      Style for following paragraph: Dzongkha

  • Next, from the menu, select "Format""Font…"
  • In the Font dialog box, under both Latin text font and Complex scripts, select "DDC Uchen" (or another Dzongkha Unicode font). Then click "OK".
  • When you return to the Modify Style dialog box, make sure the “Add to template” check box is ticked.
  • Then, click on the "OK" button.

Creating Character styles for Dzongkha fonts

Next create character styles for individual Dzongkha fonts.

These character styles may be applied to runs of Dzongkha text within a paragraph of Latin script text.


  • In the Styles and Formatting panel click "New Style…"
  • In the New Style dialog box tick the “Add to template” check box and enter
    the following details:

     Name:                Dzongkha Text
     Style type:          Character
     Style based on:      Default paragraph font

  • Next select "Format""Font…" In the Font dialog box, under both Latin text font and Complex scripts select "DDC Uchen" (or another Dzongkha Unicode font). Then click "OK".
  • Do not enter any details for the Font style, and Size attributes.
  • Then click "OK" in both the "Font" selection dialog box and in the "New Style" dialog box to exit and save your style.

Following the same procedure, create two more new character styles called DDC Wangdi and Jomolhari formatted for the Dzongkha fonts with the same names.

Tip: In Word, instead of applying Dzongkha fonts using the drop down font list in the Toolbar, always try to use these styles when you want to use or change a Dzongkha font. This will help avoid the problem which sometimes occurs of Word unexpectedly applying the wrong fonts to Dzongkha text.

Also see: