Configuring LibreOffice for Dzongkha

What is LibreOffice?

LibreOffice is a free and open source office suite, developed by The Document Foundation. It is descended from, from which it was forked in 2010.The LibreOffice suite comprises programs to do word processing, spreadsheets, slideshows, diagrams, maintain databases, and compose math formulae.

In particular OpenOffice works well with Dzongkga since, unlike Microsoft Office, it can automatically use Dzongkha numbering and date formating and sort text according to the proper Dzongkha dictionary order.

Preparation of your system

  1. Make sure you have completed the instructions under Instructions for Installation of Dzongkha Unicode appropriate to your operating system to setup your computer for Dzongkha editing. (Make sure Dzongkha keyboard, fonts, and complex script rendering support is properly installed and enabled for your system.)
  2. Download the latest version of LibreOffice for your computer and install it on your computer.

Installation of LibreOffice

Configuration of LibreOffice for Dzongkha Editing

1. Enabling Complex Text and Dzongkha

Start LibreOffice Writer (word processor).

From the menu bar select ToolsOptionsLanguage SettingsLanguages. In the dialog box under "Languge of" choose Dzongkha for "Locale Setting" and under "Default languages for documents" choose Dzongkha for "CTL" and click "ok" button. Complex text layout is required to be able to work with Dzongkha fonts in LibreOffice.

Liberoffice-language settings

2. Setting Default Fonts for Dzongkha

From now each font select dialog will ask you to define two fonts: one font for used for "western" text (i.e. English) and one font for complex text, "CTL" (i.e. Dzongkha).To set the Default fonts for Dzongkha

  • Next, select: ToolsOptionsOpenOffice WriterBasic Fonts (CTL).
Basic Fonts Dialouge

Configure "DDC Uchen" or "Jomolhari" as your default CTL font. (Make sure that you have first actually installed these Dzongkha fonts which can be downloaded freely here.)

You should now be able type Dzongkha or English text within OpenOffice simply by switching between Dzongkha and English keyboards on your computer system. The fonts will change automatically.

3. Automatically Sorting Dzongkha lists

LibreOffice can automatically sort words and lists in Dzongkha dictionary order.

To do this, first simply select with your mouse a list or table of Dzongkha words you wish to sort. With the list selected, go to Tools ► Sort… and, in the Sort dialog box, under the option "Language", choose "Dzongkha" and then press "OK". Your list or table will now be sorted according to the rules of Dzongkha.



4. Using Automatic Numbering with Dzongkha

Setting Locale and Numeral Options

To use automatic Dzongkha numbering, first the approriate options have to be set in LibreOffice.

In LibreOffice Writer select Tools OptionsLanguage SettingsComplex Text Layout and, in the Lanuguage Settings - Complex Text Layout dialog box, under "General Options: Numerals" choose "System" and click "OK"


Numbered Lists

  • With your mouse, select the Dzongkha list you wish to number, then simply click on the numbering icon in the formatting toolbar.
Numbering a list 1\
  • Numbers will be automatically applied:

  • If the numbers appear as boxes or doesnot appear in line, select the list, and using the formatting toolbar apply the correct Dzongkha font to the list.
  • The numbering style and font can also be modified using the List Styles pane of the Styles and Formatting dialog.
  • Headings and sub-headings can similarly be numbered by selecting the text and then choosing FormatBullets and Numbering from the menu.


Page Numbers

You can easily insert a page number field in the footer of your document. As long as your locale in LibreOffice is set to Dzongkha, Dzongkha numbering will be used.
To Insert a Page Number
  • Choose InsertFooter and select the page style that you want to add the footer to.

  • Then, choose InsertFieldsPage Number.

If you want, you can align the Page Number field as you would text.

If the page number appears as a box or question mark, select the page-number and then right-click on it with your mouse, from the menu that appears choose "Font" and then select a Dzongkha font such as "DDC Uchen":