Preparing a computer running Windows XP for Dzongkha

Microsoft Windows XP does not normally support the complex text features necessary to correctly display Dzongkha script in Unicode. These features are available on Windows XP only in Microsoft Office 2003 (SP1 or above), Office 2007 or with Microsoft’s free WordViewer. It is possible to display Dzongkha script properly in other applications (e.g. web browsers, Notepad, OpenOffice and e-mail clients) only by installing a Dzongkha font, enabling complex scripts and copying the necessary support files from the Office 2003 or WordViewer program folder to your Windows system. To edit Dzongkha text in any application you will also need to install a Dzongkha keyboard.


Installation procedure for Windows XP

Dzongkha Unicode will work correctly in Windows XP only if certain conditions are met:

  • First you need to have at least one Unicode compatible Dzongkha font installed .
  • Second you need to enable Complex Script support in Windows
  • Third, you need to upgrade Uniscribe (USP10.DLL), he Windows complex-script shaping engine, to a version which has support for the Dzongkha script.
  • Fourth, you should install a Dzongkha keyboard or input method to enable you to type & edit Unicode Dzongkha.
  • Fifth you may need to configure individual applications on your computer to use Dzongkha and other complex script languages.

1. Installing Dzongkha Fonts

There are currently three Dzongkha fonts available which work well with Windows and most applications that support Unicode. These are:

  • DDC Uchen –— a tsuyig font developed by the DDC;
  • DDC Wangdi –— a joyig font developed by the DDC; and
  • Jomolhari — a tsuyig font, created independently by Chris Fynn based on Bhutanese examples. This font was designed for printing pecha.

All these Dzongkha fonts are are freely available from the DDC under the terms of the Open Font License. and may be used by anyone at no cost. Our hope is that these fonts will facilitate Dzongkha written communication, stimulate Dzongkha literature production and elevate the Dzongkha script to greater parity with the Latin alphabet.

Font Installer Download Instructions

  • Click on the icon to Download the Dzongkha fonts installer package (DzongkhaFonts.msi). Save it to your Desktop or to your Downloads folder.
Firefox Internet Explorer



Using the Dzongkha Font Installer:

    Once the package has been downloaded, right click on the file (DzongkhaFonts.msi):to run the Dzongkha Fonts installer
  • In the Dzongkha Fonts Setup dialog, click "Next>"
  • In the next Dzongkha Fonts Setup dialog, confirm the installation folder and click "Next>"
  • In this dialog click "Install" to confirm the installation
  • While the font are installed, you should breifly see a message box like the one above.
  •  Finally click on "Finish" to complete the installation.


2. Enabling Complex-Script Support

  • Go to "Start""Contol Panel " and double click on the "Regional and Language Options" icon.
Start Control Panel
  • In "Regional and Language Options" dialog, select the "Languages" tab.
  • Then under "Supplemental language support" tick the check box next to the option “Install files for complex script and right-to-left languages (including Thai) ”.
  • Then click "OK"
  • You will then see an "Install Supplemental Language Support" message box like the one illustrated below.
  • In this message box click on the "OK" button.
  • Then, back in the in the Regional and Language Options dialog box, click "Apply".
  • You will then be prompted to insert a Windows XP CD so the necessary files can be copied to your computer.
  • Insert your Windows CD and click on "OK" to copy the files.
Insert disk
  • Once the files have been copied, you will be prompted to restart your computer:
  • Remove your Windows XP CD, then click on "OK" to restart your computer.


3. Updating Uniscribe

When your computer does not have a suitable version of Uniscribe installed and properly configured Dzongkha words will display like the first example below. Dzongkha characters appear, but do not combine correctly. When your computer does have a suitable version of Uniscribe insralled, your computer will then combine the letters correctly as in the second example:


Since the version of Uniscribe (usp10.dll) which comes with Windows XP itself has no support for Dzongkha, the version of this file in your Windows system folder must be updated with a version which has this support.

  • Click on the icon to Download the Upgrade Uniscribe package ( save it to your Desktop or to your Downloads folder
Internet Explorer Firefox
  • Right click on the icon of the file you have just downloaded, and choose "Extract all…" to decompress the files:
  • Navigate to the Extracted folder
  • Double click "InstallUsp10Only.exe" to run the update utility.
  • When you run the utility it will ask you where to find the newer version of Uniscribe (usp10.dll)
    • Systems with Microsoft Word 2003, or the free Word Viewer, installed will have this file in the default location predicted by the utility.
    • Otherwise, you will have to click "Browse" and select the folder which contains the file named "usp10.dll" (same as the folder condaining the "InstallUsp10Only.exe" utility) and click "Open".
  • Once you have located the "usp10.dll" file, click "Update":
browse uniscribe
  • After clicking "Update" and the computer reports that the "usp10.dll" file has been updated, click "OK" in the message box, then "Close".
uniscribe updated
  • The computer may now give you a warning saying a system file has been replaced by an unrecognized version and tells you that you need to insert the original Windows Installation CD to restore the original version.
  • Press "Cancel". (Do not insert your Windows CD and press "Retry")
  • Windows may also display a warning message telling you that replacing system files could cause your system to be unstable.:
  • Ignore this warning, and press "Yes" to to keep the newer version of "usp10.dll".
  • Finally, restart your computer to complete the update.

Note: Occassionally a computer will freeze up or hang after displaying the warning that a system file has been replaced by an unrecognized version. Pressing Cancel has no effect and the computer must be re-started.
This problem has been found to be caused by the presence of malware (virus or worm) on the computer. To overcome this, install an up-to-date version of good anti-virus software such as Avast, then run a complete boot-time scan of your system to remove any malware. After this run the utility to update Uniscribe again.


4. Installation and configuration of Dzongkha Keyboard

Download and Installation

  • Click on the icon to Download the Dzongkha keyboard package ( save it to your Desktop or to your Downloads folder.
  • Then, right click on the icon of the file you have just dowloaded, and choose "Extract all…" to decompress the files.
  • Navigate to the decompressed folder and double click the "setup.exe" file to run it. This setup program will automatically install the Dzongkha keyboard files on your computer.
  • Click "Close" after the installation is completed. Note: Do not insert Windows XP CD if asked.

Assigning the Dzongkha Keyboard to a supported language

  • Go to "Control Panel""Regional and Language Options". Double click the "Regional and Language Options" icon.
Langauge Settings
  • Choose the "Languages" tab and under "Text services and input languages" click on the "Details…" button.
  • Next, under "Installed Services" click on "Add…" to add a new keyboard.
Add Language
  • Select "Input Language" as Icelandic
  • Tick the "KeyboardIME" checkbox
Input Language
  • Then choose “Dzongkha Keyboard” as the keyboard. for Icelandic. Do not install the default Icelandic keyboard.
Add keyboard
  • Then, in the "Text Services and Input Languages" dialog box click on "Apply".
language added
  • In the same dialogue box, under "Preferences", click on the "Language Bar…" button
Language Bar
  • In the "Language Bar Settings" dialog box tick the checkboxes next to “Show Language Bar on the desktop” and “Show additional Language bar iconson the taskbar”.
  • Click"OK" to exit the "Language Bar Settings" dialog.
Language Bar1
  • Then click "OK" again to exit the "Text Services and Input Languages" dialog
  • Finally, click"OK" to exit the "Regional and Languages Options" dialog.

The Dzongkha keyboard shouldl now be accessible as Icelandic on the taskbar in the bottom right side of your screen:


You can switch between English and Dzongkha Keyboards by clicking on this icon.